Calluses, corns and bunions

Sole of foot showing calluses

Calluses and their more localised cousins, corns, are caused by pressure.

The skin can be killed by excessive shoe pressure or internal pressure caused by bones. If this pressure persists, dead skin accumulates and a callus forms.

The focal point of this pressure can develop into a corn. An experienced podiatrist can remove these corns and deflect the pressure.

Bunions, or a crooked big toe, can be genetic or acquired over time.

Shoe shape, heel height and foot function are all factors that can cause bunions. A podiatrist can make toe spacers and assess foot function, to try to slow their development.